Diagnosis of "ADD or ADHD"

Junk Science by Dr Tim O’Shea

How “ADD/ADHD” became a “disease”

Attention Deficit Disorder, according to the American Psychiatry Association, hereinafter noted as the APA, is a recent disease that supposedly afflicts almost 5 million Americans, mostly young boys.

ADD is generally characterized by hyperactivity, with tendencies toward fidgeting, loud outbursts, learning disabilities, and generally unruly behaviour. It is perhaps the only disease in American history which may be legally diagnosed by people with no medical credentials whatsoever, including teachers, school counsellors, aides, principals, coaches, even parents.

No lab tests, blood tests, microscope studies, or definitive diagnostic tests exist for ADD. No consistent genetic basis or organic neurological lesions, or any verifiable physical changes have ever been identified as causative of ADD.

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) was first published by the APA in 1952. The DSM is a catalogue of mental disorders. Each disorder has a list of symptoms under it. A patient may be "diagnosed" as having a particular mental disorder if enough of the listed symptoms are present.

Al Parides, MD, a psychiatrist, states that the DSM is not scientific at all, but a masterpiece of political manoeuvring, in which the normal problems of life are turned into psychiatric conditions. (Wiseman, p 357)

Snap Diagnosis

The DSM is the only way that ADD is diagnosed. Here's how it's done:

In the DSM, ADD has nine symptoms listed under it. If a child has any six of them, in the opinion of the doctor (or the teacher!) that child may be diagnosed as having ADD. That's it! Funny thing is, it seems like most of these entries on the list are not symptoms of a mental disorder, but just symptoms of being a kid:

  • Often fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in seat
  • Often leaves seat in classroom or in other situations in which remaining seated is expected
  • Often runs about or climbs excessively in situations in which it is inappropriate
  • Often has difficulty playing or engaging in leisure activities quietly
  • Is often 'on the go' or often acts as if driven "by a motor"
  • Often talks excessively
  • Often blurts out answers before questions have been completed
  • Often has difficulty awaiting turn
  • Often interrupts or intrudes on others

Sound like anyone you've ever known? Some may ask if there are any kids who would not fit six of these criteria.

The readers should understand that this is the only "diagnostic testing" that exists for determining ADD.

Six out of nine. No lab test, no blood tests, no physical examination whatsoever, no standardized batteries of written or verbal psychological testing. Just these nine.

And unlike any other disease in history, the diagnosis may be made by anyone in authority, with no medical credentials or training whatsoever: the school nurse, school counsellor, a teacher, the principal, a coach...

Many patients are often labelled ADD after a 15-minute interview with a paediatrician, who has no training in mental disorders at all.

Ref: Tim O'Shea - “ADD: A Designer Disease.”

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